Difference Between Art & Design
There is often a lot of controversy among those outside the realm regarding the differences or commonalities between design and art. Are they really that different? Is there an overlap? What is it that distinguishes the two?
From a designer’s desk the distinctions are listed further below in an effort to bring out the real, on ground differences.
- Design offers solutions while art asks questions. Art exists with its very own internal need and a tendency to challenge the viewer. Art is one of the founding stones and base of human culture and every culture has its unique artistic forms that are left behind for future generations. Design exists with a different purpose altogether, it is there to fill a need, to answer a question, or to solve a problem. Design provides solutions to the problems posed to us in our lives.
- Art inspires awe & wonder. A great piece of art has an impact on your conscience, conscious thoughts and sub conscious being. It makes you stop and wonder, observe in great awe and ponder on all the possibilities that exist. Designers however design to make lives of the people better, more convenient in ways that are more basal. Without most design ideas people will be lost. People may not find inspiration in design but without it they might be clueless.
- Art has no set process. Art has no rules, no set process to be followed no set of steps that need to be replicated for each work that one might produce. The classical rules that existed have been destroyed progressively especially with the advent of modernism. Anything can be art. Design however is ruled by a set process, guidelines and myriad factors that might result in an unappealing outcome, but the intent is to create an underlying structure that solves a problem effectively. There are physical rules like the color grid, rules of compositions etc., there are ergonomics to consider, psychological response of the user to the arrangement of constituent elements, and the overall experience of the end user. These are essentially the set rules that a designer typically takes into account if they have to create a successful design.
- Philosophical differences. A design is truly appreciated only when the reason for its existence is taken into account. When one goes beyond the pretty picture it presents and get into the concrete reason why it exists and a concrete problem that solves it. It is the details of a good design that reconfirm the purpose of it. Art however does not need a reason for existence. It is to be appreciated for what it is. It is true that there is a certain enjoyment in analyzing art. The analysis however is not a mandate to enjoy the beauty of art.
Art and design are closely interlinked but are definitely different from each other. It is good to collaborate but if they are merged a little too much, the result is often a muddled up mess. Art is much more highly dependent on the context in which it exists as when compared to design. The existence of both art and design are important for a healthy cultural development. As art poses challenges and questions, design is known to solve the problems encountered in our daily lives. A harmonized balance for the evolution of a healthy society.