Interactive Installation Art
Interactive installation art involves an interaction with the audience or spectators in a manner that the work of art achieves its completion. Some of these installations encourage and involve an observer or the audience to walk in, on or through the work and interact with it, while others require the artist or the audience to engage in and become a part of the installation.
These works quite often feature different kind of technological interfaces and sensors that respond to parameters like motion, temperature, or others and create an interesting experience for the observers. Interactive installations may respond to the inputs of observers from the outside or invite them in and encourage them to participate in bringing about a radical change in the entire course of the performance. Some of the interactive artworks require an interaction with all the spectrum of surrounding stimuli, hence considered immersive.
Earliest of the examples of interactive installation art may be traced back to the 1920s when Marcel Duchamp’s Rotary Glass Plates required the spectators to turn the machine on and observe the resultant illusion from a distance.
The current form of interactive installations began to shape up in the 1960s, albeit with a political bent. A section of people including some artists considered it inappropriate for only the artist to hold absolute creative power over their work and this group of people advocated participation of the spectators in the process of creation.
However, most of the digital art made their way into the formal art scene as late as the late 1990s. This debut was more than a success as numerous museums and other art related institutions of impeccable repute began incorporating interactive and digital installations into their collections and productions.
A collaborative discipline drawing from combined interests of artists and architects has emerged and flourished in the past decade and a half. An impressive number of architects, interactive designers and electronic artists have crossed over and merges all kinds of disciplinary boundaries to produce new custom designed interfaces, evolved techniques to acquire user input, forms & tools for information display, modes of communication between humans and between humans and machines, and have worked to develop social contexts for interactive systems.
Traditional art installations require only a mental or intellectual interaction between the art and the spectator, but in case of an interactive installation, the interaction transcends the psychological realm to allow myriad steering, assembly, or participation in the installation.
With a sophisticated technical input system that uses sensors responding to varied parameters the spectators interact with the installation and contribute to the process of creation. completely different work of art for every participant. Due to its interactive nature each spectator has their own interpretation which may differ completely from another.